Activity of Ocimum Sanctum / K Karthikeyan et al / Pharmaceutical Biology Basil is originally native to Iran, India and other tropical regions of Asia. - Wildcrafted. sanctum leaf extracts stimulate insulin secretion from perfused pancreas, Study suggests the issued ban against products containing O. sanctum as an ingredient is not logical and needs to be reviewed. https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/9217567 Basil (/ ˈ b æ z əl /, also US: / ˈ b eɪ z əl /; Ocimum basilicum), also called great basil, is a culinary herb of the family Lamiaceae (mints).. Results suggest a potential use as a male contraceptive agent. (57) - Fresh juice induces vomiting and expels worms. of hypoglycemic and antioxidant effect of Ocimum sanctum, Myocardial are oblong-ovate and 2 to 4.5 centimeters long, with pointed or blunt tips, and somewhat catalepsy in albino mice / RESEARCH PAPER Year : 2007 | Volume : 39 | Issue : 2 | Page : 87-89 / DOI: 10.4103/0253-7613.32526 Effect of ethanolic leaf extract of Ocimum sanctum on haloperidol-induced Zeaxanthin, a yellow flavonoid carotenoid compound, is selectively absorbed into the retinal macula lutea where it found to filter harmful UV rays from reaching retina. Basil (Ocimum basilicum) is an erect herbaceous annual plant, sometimes grown as a short-lived perennial in some areas.It grows in a bushy shape to about 50 cm tall and some varieties may even grow taller. 1 meter high or less. Inhibition of breast cancer progression by a medicinal herbÂ Ocimum sanctum / PratimaÂ Nangia-Makker,Â LarryÂ Tait,Â VictorÂ Hogan,Â FredÂ MillerÂ andÂ AvrahamÂ Raz / Proc Amer Assoc Cancer Res, Volume 47, 2006 • Chemical Composition / Antioxidant / Antimicrobial / Leaves: Study of leaves for antimicrobial activity showed E. coli and E. faecalis were highly susceptible to methanol extract. (45) (57 - Seeds, capsules, tinctures, powder in the cybermarket. Saying basil in European Languages isolated islets and clonal pancreatic ß-cells / J M A Hannan, L Marenah, L Ali, B Rokeya, P R Flatt and Y H A Abdel-Wahab / Journal The reviewed studies reinforce traditional uses and suggests tulsi is effective for the treatment of lifestyle-related chronic diseases including diabetes, metabolic syndrome, and psychological stress. Results showed significant clot lysis compared with vehicle control. Antibacterial oblong, slightly compressed and nearly smooth. Human translations with examples: tulsi plants, balanoy dahon, gal sa tagalog, yolo sa tagalog. Study of ethanol extracts showed antibacterial activity, greater in 2012 Volume 10 Number 1. (34) 678, ISHS 2005 Activity was attributed inhibition of both cyclooxygenase and lipooxygenase pathways of arachidonic acid metabolism. (6) An example of a PAH is benzo[a]pyrene, with toxicity that results from bioactivation of B[a]P to diolepoxides by monooygenase enzymes. Rationale for Immunomodulatory and Anti-inflammatory Effects of Ocimum sanctum: Radical Scavenging Potential and Effect on Nitric Oxide Production / H.R. It is a good source of manganese, copper and vitamin C, and contains calcium, folate, iron and magnesium, all of which are vital for proper body function. Study showed the aqueous leaf extract is safe and non-toxic at doses tested. Results showed the basil essential oils, especially the O. sanctum oil, have anxiolytic and antidepressant effects, and might have alternative or complementary potential in the prevention or treatment of conditions related to AD. - Decoction of roots and leaves used for gonorrhea; externally used for rheumatic pains and paralysis. Botany The Clinical Efficacy and Safety of Tulsi in Humans: A Systematic Review of the Literature / Negar Jamshidi and Marc M Cohen / Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, VolumeÂ 2017 / C. Franz, Ã. free radical scavenging effect and attributes the antioxidant property Results showed significant alteration in general behavioral pattern by Water Maze Test and potentiation of pentobarbitone induced hypnosis in mice. Pharm. It is originally from India but now grows in Australia, West Africa, and some Middle Eastern countries. The exact mechanism 2(1), 2011, 33-38 2(3): pp. Basil (Ocimum basilicum) (IPA: or IPA: ) is a plant of the Family Lamiaceae.It is also known as Sweet Basil or Tulsi.It is a tender low-growing herb that is grown as a perennial in warm, tropical climates. (see study below) (36) Gram positive bacteria than gram-negative, esp against B subtilis and • Hepatoprotective / Carbon Tetrachloride Toxicity: Study of an aqueous extract of Ocimum sanctum showed hepatoprotective activity in carbon tetrachloride induced toxicity in albino rats. (54) Study suggested a potential for a breast cancer preventive and therapeutic agent. The Plant List. Effect of O. sanctum Linn on normal and dexamethasone suppressed wound healing / S L Udupa, Somashekar Shetty et al / Indian Journ of Experimental Biology, Vol 44, Jan 2006, pp 49-54 / Fitoterapia. ACTIVITY OF OCIMUM SANCTUM LINN IN GUINEA PIGS, Antibacterial (45) Immunomodulatory activity of aqueous extract of Ocimum sanctum in rat / R. Caroline Jeba et. (60) Basil herb contains exceptionally high levels of beta-carotene, vitamin A, cryptoxanthin, lutein and zea-xanthin. A total of 24 studies reported therapeutic effects on metabolic disorders, cardiovascular disease, immunity and neurocognition. Effects of drying, fermented and unfermented tea of Ocimum tenuiflorum Linn. Here, learn about the possible health benefits and how to add basil to the diet. There is also lemon basil, which has "lemon" flavor. OS essential oil showed marked antibacterial efficiency against all (25) Others necrosis: a haemodynamic, biochemical and histoarchitectural assessment, Anticancer These compounds were tested in vitro laboratory studies for possible anti-oxidant protection against radiation-induced lipid per-oxidation in mouse liver. Vol. KANNADA: Kalatulsi, Karitulasi, Sritulasi, Tulasi, Vishnu tulasi. - Probably a native of the Old World. Anticancer Seven days of treatment increased mucous secretion.Â (11) Study investigated the antiulcer effects of O. sanctum against swimming stress induced ulcers in albino rats. (44) al. • Myocardial Salvaging Effect: J Physiol Pharmacol. (18) ACTIVE COMPOUNDS FROM TULSI INHIBITS BENZO [A]PYRENE MEDIATED CYTOTOXICITY:in vitro&in silico Analysis / Subhalakshmi Samal / Thesis--Master of Science in Life Science Efficacy of Ocimum sanctum for Relieving Stress: A Preclinical study / Lakshmana Rao Bathalla, Ch Vekateswara Rao, SM Manjunath, S Vinut, Raghu Vemulapalli / The Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice, Nov-Dec 2012; 13(6): 782-786 Microbiol. makabuhay. English. • Anthelmintic / Leaves: Study evaluated the anthelmintic effect of leaves of Ocimum sanctum in comparison with albendazole. (1) (1) • Posological Considerations per Ayurvedic Pharmaceutical Science: A 2010 study reported that the administration of 2 g of O. sanctum leaves for 30 days in male albino mice showed adverse effect on sperm count and male hormones. (27) • Immunoregulatory: Study in albino rats of a methanol extract and aqueous suspension of leaves for its immunoregulatory profile to antigenic challenge to Salmonella typhosa and sheep erythrocyte agglutination tests showed immunostimulation of humoral immunologic response shown by an increase in antibody titer as well as a cellular immunologic response. The herbs parts are very low in calories and contain no cholesterol, but are very rich source of many essential nutrients, minerals, and vitamins that are essential for optimum health. Results showed no major changes in body weight and biochemical markers were well within normal limits. (52) Basil is originally native to India and other tropical regions of Asia.It has been cultivated there for more than 5,000 years. - Mixed with honey, ginger and onion juice, used as expectorant for bronchitis Property of Different Medicinal Plants: Ocimum sanctum, Cinnamomum zeylanicum, of Philippine Medicinal Plants with Chinese Names. while a 30% extract was effective against C. lunata. Chem. Ocimum sanctum Linn. Analysis of protective (Nano) film of Ocimum tenuiflorum (tulsi) extract by surface examination study / D. Madhan1 and P. Rajkumar / Der Pharma Chemica, 2013, 5(5):68-76 Nutlets are somewhat rounded or broadly 2010 Jan-Jun; 4(7): Pp 95â105. HEPATOPROTECTIVE ACTIVITY OF OCIMUM SANCTUM LINN. 9. (48) Biotech. |Sorting Ocimum names / Authorised by Prof. Tulsi is also referred to as the "Queen of herbs," the legendary "incomparable one" of India, one of the holiest and most cherished of healing herbs. All types of basil grow easily in warm, sunny weather. Stems and younger parts are covered with spreading hairs. Ethanolic extract study showed leaves possess anti-anxiety effects probably (see constituents above) (36) British Journal of Radiology, Vol 71, Issue 847 782-784, Copyright © (49) Findings suggest the alcoholic extracts may be helpful in treatment of inflammation and rheumatoid arthritis. It is prominently featured in many cuisines throughout the world. acidity in rats. Basil leaves contains many health benefiting essential oils such as eugenol, citronellol, linalool, citral, limonene and terpineol. (52) effect against haloperidol-induced catalepsy and indicates that OS Leaves Results showed OciBest (whole plant extract) to be 1.6 times or 39% more effective in the management of stress symptoms compared to placebo and was well tolerated by all patients over a six-week period study. toothed margins. - Leaf juice used for earache. Study investigated the effect of an aqueous leaf extract of Tulsi against H2O2 induced cytotoxic changes in human lens epithelial cells. (2008) 6(1&2): 63-65 function, augmentation of endogenous antioxidants and suppression of Ocimum tenuiflorum / Synonyms / The Plant List and linalool. 4, Pages 285-290 The use of O sanctum in the treatment of gastric ulcer has been attributed to the antiulcerogenic action of eugenol and essential oil from leaves. Bull., 2014; 2(6): pp 609-611 / DOI: 10.17628/ECB.2014.3.609 (5) (39) en Basil, cinnamon, goatweed, bay leaf, and jack in the bush are part of the traditional pharmacopoeia of the islands. Snow Barlow / Maintained by: Michel H. Porcher / MULTILINGUAL MULTISCRIPT PLANT NAME DATABASE / Copyright Â© 1997 - 2000 The University of Melbourne. Basilicum Fresh Green. Xanthoxylum armatum and Origanum majorana / Bishnu Joshi et al / KATHMANDU Another study on (49). on racemes 5 to 14 centimeters long. with pretreatment with OS extract indicating its stress-alleviating Herbs, fruits, and vegetables that are rich in this compound help to protect from age related macular disease (AMRD), especially in the elderly. Ocimum sanctum leaf extracts stimulate insulin secretion from perfused pancreas, isolated islets and clonal pancreatic Î²-cells / J M A Hannan, L Marenah, L Ali1, B Rokeya1, P R Flatt and Y H A Abdel-Wahab/ Journal of Endocrinology used for cough, bronchitis, asthma, malaria, dysentery, stress situations, worm infestations, superficial fungal Posological report clearly showed that Ayurvedic uses of O. sanctum are in doses significantly lower than the dose at which antifertiity effects were observed. Holy Basil leaf extract decreases tumorigenicity and metastasis of aggressive human pancreatic cancer cells in vitro and in vivo: potential role in therapy. • Anti-Anxiety / Leaves: • Anti-Fertility / Abortifacient: Leaves of O sanctum are said to be abortifacient in women. (43) Different varieties of basil herb exist. S aureus; comparatively less than Origanum majorana. Preliminary studies on activity of Ocimum sanctum, Drynaria quercifolia, and Annona squamosa against Neisseria gonorrhoeae / Shokeen P, Ray K, Bala M, Tandon V / Sex Transm Dis., Feb 2005; 32(3): pp 106-111 OS extract did not produce any hazardous symptoms or death and CNS or ANS effects in acute toxicity test. (53) - Nutrient analysis per 100 g yielded: energy 30 Kcal, protein 4.2 g, fat 0.5 g, carbohydrate 2.3 g, calcium 25 mg, phosphorus 287 mg, iron 15.1 mg, vitamin C 25 mg. Properties Xanthoxylum armatum and Origanum majorana, Effect of Ocimum sanctum on noise induced changes in neutrophil functions, Antibacterial - Infusion of leaves used in malaria, and as stomachic in gastric affections in children and in hepatic affections. has not been defined, but OS antioxidant activity seems to be the most necrosis: a haemodynamic, biochemical and histoarchitectural assessment / D. S. Arya, M. Nandave, S. K. Ojha, S. Kumari, Ocimum sanctumâ A preliminary study evaluating its immunoregulatory profile in albino rats / Savitri Godhwani, J.L. The record derives from WCSP (data supplied on 2012-03-23) which reports it as a synonym (record 137068) with original publication details: Mant. - Religion: It is the most sacred plant in Hindu - Seed decoction used as demulcent. The radioprotective effects of two flavonoids, orientin and vicenin Effect of ethanolic leaf extract of Ocimum sanctum on haloperidol-induced catalepsy in albino mice / S Pemminati, V Nair et al / Indian Jour of Pharmacology, 2007, Vol 39, Issue 2, Pp 87-89. Solasi (Tagalog, Pampanga) Sweet basil, Grand basilic (English) Valanoy (Ivatan) kakawati . Potential Herbal Medicines and Drug Interactions, List Another study on noise-induced changes in rats were normalized - Found throughout the Philippines, in the same habitat as O. basilicum. on hepatotoxicty induced by antitubercular drugs. Lemon basil is a popular herb in Arabic, Indonesian, Philippines, Lao, Malay, Persian and Thai cuisine oxidative stress. 4. • Cardioprotective on Combination Treatment: Study of the combined treatment of Ginkgo biloba phytosomes (GBP) and Ocimum sanctum extract (OS) in isoproterenol-induced myocardial necrosis in rats demonstrated significant cardiac protection, decreased lipid peroxidation, restoration of antioxidant activities. Folkloric 2 7 0. Comm., (2016); 9(4): pp 856-864 The immune response was attributed to enhancement of both cellular and humoral immunity by boosting cell-mediated immune responsiveness and GABAergic pathways. Biochemical study of Ocimum sanctum against carbon tetra chloride Induced hepatic damage / R. Bhuvaneswari, Dr.K.Jegatheesan / 2011 International Conference on Life Science and Technology IPCBEE vol.3 (2011) (43) A The leaves are similar to basil leaves, but tend to be narrower with slightly serrated edges. salvaging effects of Ocimum sanctum in experimental model of myocardial (59) 2001 Aug;72(6):669-70. Sci. (61) PORTUGUESE: ManjericÃ£o-branco, Tulase (Brazil). aminothiol protectors in the mouse / The infections, and as diuretic. Results suggest its potential use in the prevention of drug-induced extrapyramidal side effects. Holy Basil leaf extract decreases tumorigenicity and metastasis of aggressive human pancreatic cancer cells in vitro and in vivo: potential role in therapy. TELUGU: Brynda, Gaggera, Krishnatulsi, Kukka pala, Oddhi , Tulasi, Tulsi, Tulsichettu. Thai Holy Basil is one of many varieties of holy basil or Tulsi as it’s known in India with a distinctive aroma. Was / Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Volume 24, Issues 2â3, December 1988, Pages 193â198 (42) (39) Makabuhay is a Filipino translation of the English term ‘pro-life or to give life’. Common names Kakaoati (Bon.) MALAY: Kemangi, Selasih merah, Selasih Siam. (35) Paliaban Pangiawan Panyawan (C. Results showed concentration-dependent stimulation of insulin secretion from perfused rat pancreas, isolated rat islets and a clonal rat Ã-cell line. Mechanisms may be due to antibody production, liberation of agents that cause hypersensitivity reactions, and action on target organs. (50) Study shows an antitussive effect probably by central action mediated through both According to the nursery Mountain Valley Growers, during this time the leaves can be cut from the top, but small leaves at the bottom of the plant should be left alone to grow. How to Plant Basil. 08 November 1951 in Manila) is a Filipino balladeer. (33) mice with sarcomatous tumor resulted in a significant reduction in tumor ANSWER: Filipino refers to the native or national of the Philippines. Bis.) (HOLY BASIL): PHARMACOLOGY BEHIND ITS ANTI- CANCEROUS EFFECT, Green synthesis of silver nanoparticles using Ocimum sanctum (Tulashi) and study of their antibacterial and antifungal activities, An Experimental Study of Analgesic Effect of Medicinal Plant Tulsi (Ocimum sanctum), HEPATOPROTECTIVE ACTIVITY OF OCIMUM SANCTUM LINN. This study investigated the inhibitory effect of O. sanctum on breast cancer lines, MDA-MB-435 and MCF 10A DCIS.com cells. (28) Results suggest constituents in the leaf extract with stimulatory effects on physiologic pathways of insulin secretion. • Silver Nanoparticles / Antifungal: Study reports on a cost effective and environmentally friendly synthesis of silver nanoparticles from a leaf extract of Ocimum sanctum as reducing agent. - Dried plant in decoction used for croup, diarrhea, catarrh, bronchitis and diarrhea. Results suggest the leaves of O. sanctum can be a potential source of novel anticancer compounds. • Anti-cancer activity: / Food Research, April 2018; 2(2): pp 154-162 • Wound Healing: Study showed the ethanolic extract of leaves of Ocimum sanctum promotes wound healing significantly and able to overcome the wound healing suppressing action of dexamethasone. - Eugenol (1-hydroxy-2-methoxy-4-allybenzene), the active constituent, considered to be largely responsible for its therapeutic potential. Ocimum tenuiflorum Linn. Consumption of natural foods rich in vitamin-A has been found to help body protect from lung and oral cavity cancers. (42) A study showed the ethanol leaf extract of O sanctum to have a protective Showing page 1. • Thrombolytic Potential: Study evaluated four aqueous herbal extracts viz., O. sanctum, C. longa, A. indica and A. occidentale. â¢ Anticancer / Leaves: Study investigated the anticancer activity of O. tenuiflorum. • Anti-Cataract: Study of aqueous extract of O. sanctum showed potential anti-cataract activity against selinite-induced experimental cataractogenesis. Maximum repellency was seen in the methanol root extracts while water extracts showed minimum repellency. / nternational Food Research Journal 20(4): 1601-1608 (2013) Myocardial Oil of leaves yielded comparable amount of antioxidant as ascorbic acid, flavonoid and total phenol as well as linolenic acid, polyunsaturated fatty acid. Evaluation (33) Study evaluated an aqueous leaf extract for toxicity in Wistar albino rats at 100, 500, and 1000 mg/kbw. (see study below) (46). There was also an increase in intracellular Ca2++ in clonal cells. The leaves are commonly used in cooking, but the flower buds are also edible. Results indicate CNS depressant and tranquilizing activity. Although all the herbal extracts exhibited in vitro thrombolytic properties, in vivo clot dissolving properties and active components are yet to be discovered. (55) Calyx at the time of flowering is about 3 millimeters long and somewhat larger in fruit; the two lower teeth are long-awned, the upper one broadly-oblong, and the lateral ones very broad. (25) Sources and Suggested Readings (16) basil leaves in bicol. They should grow to about 12 to 24 inches in height. • Antidiabetic Activity Stimulatory Effect on Insulin Secretion / Leaves: Results showed significant analgesic activity (p<0.01) in all three test doses, with better efficiency seen at higher concentration. Basil is originally native to Iran, India and other tropical regions of Asia. All extracts showed moderate toxic effects. basil: n. (plant) 1.basil: any of several Old World tropical aromatic annual or perennial herbs of the genus Ocimum. • Anti-Amnesic / Nootropic Activity: Study showed whole plant extract to significantly decrease transfer latency and increased step down latency. Tagalog. The immunostimulant capability was attributed to the plants adaptogenic action. bacteria tested, maximum against S aureus and marked antibacterial efficacy PRELIMINARY EVALUATION OF OCIMUM SANCTUM AS TOXICANT AND REPELLENT AGAINST TERMITE, HETEROTERMES INDICOLA (WASMANN) (ISOPTERA: RHINOTERMITIDAE) / F. Manzoor, W. Beena, S. Malik, N. Naz, S. Naz and W. H Syed / Pakistan Journal of Science (Vol. 1998 by British Institute of Radiology Effect of Ocimum sanctum on noise induced changes in neutrophil functions / R Archana and A Namasivayam / Journal of Ethnopharmacology • Volume 73, Issues 1-2, November 2000, Pages 81-85 / doi:10.1016/S0378-8741(00)00281-6 2, 2016, pp 52-57. Mohd Fasih Ahmad, Raj K. Keservani*, D J Mani Babu / Journal of Chinese Pharmaceutical Sciences 2015, Vol. 1: 85 1767. dahon ng basil sa bicol. Findings suggest that the leaf extracts have a stimulatory effect on the physiological pathways of insulin secretion. 63 No. FRENCH: Basilic sacrÃ©, Basilic sacrÃ© Ã feuilles vertes, Basilic thaÃ¯landais. - Studies have shown antibacterial, antifungal, antioxidant, antidiabetic, anti-tussive, anti-cataract, anti-inflammatory, radioprotective, antianxiety, CNS depressant, neuroprotective, cardioprotective, anticancer, antifertility, wound healing, anticancer, abortifacient, antitubercular, nootropic, wound healing, anthelmintic, immunomodulatory, anticonvulsive properties. Pitre / Rasayan J. Chem, Vol.2, No.2 (2009), 472-474 • Anti-Stress: A randomized, double-blind, placebo controlled study evaluated the efficacy of OciBest, an extract of Ocimum tenuiflorum in symptomatic control of general stress. THERAPEUTIC USES OF OCIMUM SANCTUM LINN (TULSI) WITH A NOTE ON EUGENOL AND ITS PHARMACOLOGICAL ACTIONS: A SHORT REVIEW / Praash P and Neelu Gupta / Indian J Physiol Pharmacol 2005; 49 (2) : 125–131 Like many Filipino singers in the 1970s, Valdez started on a solo career as a folk singer. Bay Laurel or Bay Leaf (Laurus nobilis): This leathery-leaved plant is the easiest herb to grow indoors.You can place it in sun or partial shade or under a fluorescent lamp. Additional Plant seeds/seedlings about ¼-inch deep and 10 to 12 inches apart. • Immunomodulatory: Study of aqueous extract of O. sanctum in rats showed dose-dependent increase in antibody production, enhancing the production of WBC, RBC, and hemoglobin. (41) With sufficiently warm weather, new basil plants are ready for pruning (to encourage bushier growth) in … VIETNAMESE: E rung, E tia, E do, HÃºng quáº¿, Huong nhu tia, Cay e tia, Cay co e rung, E to, Rau quáº¿. • Antibacterial: It has white flowers in late summer to early fall. HOLY BASIL Results showed a protective role against H2O2 injury in HLEC by maintaining the normal cellular architecture. sibuyas:) tagalog for basil is balanoy. (19) Please find below many ways to say basil in different languages. Rhizomes, leaves, seeds, roots. Basil is native to tropical regions from central Africa to Southeast Asia. (3) Flower farm in Alabang Town Center would sometimes have potted purple basil and lavender as well as the usual tarragon, sweet basil and thai basil. UNIVERSITY JOURNAL OF SCIENCE, ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY VOL. Sulasi is an erect and herbaceous branched plant, Basil grows best in warm, tropical climates. (10) Vitamin K in basil is essential for many coagulant factors in the blood and plays vital role in the bone strengthening function by helping mineralization process in the bones. EFFECT OF (44) Results showed significant anti-stress activity but the magnitude and efficacy is less than the standard anxiolytic agent, i.e. Basil herb contains many polyphenolic flavonoids like orientin and vicenin. • Anxiolytic and Antidepressant Properties / Essential Oil: Study analyzed the possible anxiolytic and antidepressant properties of inhaled basil essential oil extracted from Ocimum sanctum (Os) and Ocimum basilicum (Ob) in a Ã-amyloid (1-42) rat model of Alzheimer's disease using in vivo (elevated plus maze and forced swimming) tests. / Shimizu T, Torres MP, Chakraborty S, Souchek JJ, Rachagani S, Kaur S, Macha M, Ganti AK, Hauke RJ, Batra SK / Cancer Lett., Aug 2013; 336(2): pp 270-280 / doi: 10.1016/j.canlet.2013.03.017.
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