american_hornbeam_carpinus_caroliniana.jpg. Carpinus caroliniana: Musclewood. Skylark™ Hornbeam Carpinus x 'Shelby' Introduced by: Heritage Seedlings and Liners, LLC Hybridized by: Dr. Harold Pellett, former professor at UMN, a cross between Carpinus caroliniana x Carpinus betulus ‘Fastigiata’ Exposure: Sun | Zones: 5 to 8 Height: 25 - 35' | Width: 10 - 15' Carpinus x ‘Shelby’ Skylark™ resulted from Dr. Pellett’s effort to breed a more cold-hardy fastigiate Insects, Diseases, or Other Plant Problems: Leaf spots, cankers, and twig blight are occasional disease problems of the American hornbeam. The extremely hard wood of this tree will, as the common name suggests, take a horn-like polish and was once used by early Americans to make bowls, tool handles and ox yokes. Native Flame® is a selection of American Hornbeam chosen for dark green summer foliage and a crackling red fall color display. Genus Carpinus are deciduous shrubs and trees with attractive foliage and hop-like fruit clusters in late summer and autumn Details C. caroliniana is a small, deciduous tree to around 10m tall with branches that droop at the tips and fluted, grey bark. A wildfire severe enough to kill the hardwood component of a white oak (Q. alba) stand in Rhode Island eliminated American hornbeam from the stand. Commercial use of hornbeam wood is not practicable, however, due to the limited amount of wood that can be harvested per tree.Genus name comes from the classical Latin name.Specific epithet means of North or South Carolina. A lively mix of bright red and orange fall colors and distinctive columnar shape combine to offer a new look for a popular and widely adaptable North American native tree. Leaf spots, cankers and twig blight are occasional disease problems. Alternate, simple, 2.5-5" long, 1-2" wide, ovate-oblong, doubly serrate, glabrous, Smooth, tight, thin and bluish-gray stretched over an irregularly ridged trunk. The 30–40 species of hornbeam occur across much of the temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere, with the greatest number of species in East Asia, particularly China. The Garden wouldn't be the Garden without our Members, Donors and Volunteers. The extremely hard wood of this tree will, as the common name suggests, take a horn-like polish and was once used by early Americans to make bowls, tool handles and ox yokes. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. American Hornbeam (Carpinus caroliniana) $ 35.00. The Tree is a deciduous tree, it will be up to 12 m (39 ft) high. Difficult to transplant due to deep spreading lateral roots. caroliniana.They are quite similar and many of the trees in the overlap range (such as in Durham County) are intergrades. Like other Hornbeams, Carpinus caroliniana is popular for bonsai due to its small leaves, thick trunk, and dense branching. Upright’ Description & Overview. Habitat: Grows on moist, rocky, wooded slopes. This new clonal selection from the great American tree grower, J. Frank Schmidt & Son, offers a new way to put a reliable, repetitive element into the naturalized garden. AL , AR , CT , DC , DE , FL , GA , IA , IL , IN , KY , LA , MA , MD , ME , MI , MN , MO , MS , NC , NH , NJ , NY , OH , OK , PA , RI , SC , TN , TX , VA , VT , WI , WV. Both of the two recognized varieties occur in NC, the northern var. The bark is smooth, gray to bluish-gray, and heavily fluted. Carpinus caroliniana ssp. Typically grows 20-35' tall. On young specimens, the inner bark is eaten by beavers and rabbits. Native shade tree - own root. Plant in the spring. The leaves are alternate with a doubly toothed margin. Introduction: A fine-textured tree that is related to the birches, American hornbeam is the only North American native of the genus Carpinus. American hornbeam is also known as blue-beech, and musclewood. The trunk and branches of this tree have ridges that look like muscles. Young American Hornbeam. Recommended Uses: Retain if in the landscape. Growers will appreciate its vigorous yet mannerly growth habit and ease of care in the nursery. Carpinus caroliniana, commonly called American hornbeam, is a slow-growing, deciduous, small to medium-sized understory tree with an attractive globular form. In early spring, yellow-green, male and fuzzy, yellow-green, female flowers mature. It has many common names, the most common include: blue beech because of its very smooth gray bark, and musclewood referring to its muscle-like branches which are irregularly fluted. The seed and buds provide food source for songbirds, ruffed grouse, quail, wild turkeys, foxes, and squirrels. Carpinus caroliniana ‘J.N. Average Dried Weight: 49 lbs/ft 3 (785 kg/m 3) Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC):.58, .79. Prefers moist, organically rich soils. Bloom Description: White (female), Green (male). Ovate, sharply-toothed, dark green leaves (to 5” long) are clean and attractive throughout the growing season with little susceptibility to … The small tree produces a small, ribbed nutlet that is carried by a 3-lobed leafy bract. virginiana (Marshall) Fernald, and the southern var. It is native to eastern North America, from Minnesota and southern Ontario east to Maine, and south to eastern Texas and northern Florida. It is part of the Betulaceae (birch) family and has several nicknames, including blue beech, muscle beech, water beech, muscletree, musclewood, and ironwood. No serious insect or disease problems. It is native to Missouri where it is typically found in rich moist woods, valleys, ravine bottoms and rocky slopes along streams throughout the eastern and Ozark regions of the State (Steyermark). Fire King™ Musclewood Carpinus caroliniana ‘J.N. Older branches develop a slate gray, smooth, irregularly fluted appearance; overall appearance is similar to a flexed bicep muscle, hence the common name muscle wood. It is a larval host plant for the Eastern Tiger Swallowtail and Red-spotted Purple butterflies. The American Hornbeam is a short, stubby tree that can have one or more trunks, each a foot wide and aesthetically pleasing. The smooth, gray trunk and larger branches of a mature tree exhibit a distinctive muscle-like fluting that has given rise to another common name of musclewood for this tree. American Hornbeam, usually called Ironwood in North Carolina, is a fairly common understory tree found mostly along streambanks. The extremely hard wood of this tree will, as the common name suggests, take a horn-like polish and was once used by early Americans to make bowls, tool handles and ox yokes. N.C. Tolerates dry, shady sites. Scientific Name. Carpinus is Latin for “hornbeam;” caroliniana means “of Carolina.” Common Name. The Red-spotted Purple (Limenitis arthemis astyanax) has two broods from April-October. It is … Scientific Name: Carpinus caroliniana. Leaves alternate, simple, ovate-oblong, 6-13 cm long, acuminate, sharply and doubly serrate, dark green in summer, yellowish, orange, to red in fall. The wood has been used for tool handles, mallet heads, levers and other small wooden objects. A subtle beauty often overlooked. It will grow with an attractive open habit in total shade, but be dense in full sun. Carpinus caroliniana ‘CCSQU’ P.P.#11,280 Palisade® American Hornbeam. A Johnson’s Nursery origination; J.N. Read our Commitment to Diversity | Read our Privacy Statement. American hornbeam is a small tree of bottomland understories. Considerations: Said to be difficult to transplant as it does not tolerate root disturbance. The American hornbeam (Carpinus caroliniana) is a deciduous hardwood shade tree that's native to eastern North America. Does well in heavy shade and is found as an understory tree in forests. The nutlet is 1/3 inch long and is attached to a leaf-like 3-lobed green scale that helps it to be carried by the wind.
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