Bark can be heated and the resin collected; the resin is an excellent waterproof glue and useful for starting fires. In white birch. The ornamental European white birch and its cut-leaf varieties are attacked by both of these sawflies. Also known as silver birch, the European white birch (Betula pendula) is a tall, slender tree that grows up to 50 feet tall, producing long, swaying branches lined with triangular, tooth-edged leaves. The silver birch is a medium-sized deciduous tree that owes its common name to the white peeling bark on the trunk. For the racehorse, see, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2014-3.RLTS.T62535A3115662.en. In Scandinavia and other regions of northern Europe, it is grown for forest products such as lumber and pulp, as well as for aesthetic purposes and ecosystem services. This applies particularly to acidic or nutrient-poor soils. Use left and right arrow keys to navigate between menus and submenus. Photos. Hybrids between the two are known, but are very rare, and being triploid, are sterile. Golden brown on twigs and young branches, the bark matures to silvery white with black clefts. The flowers are catkins and the light, winged seeds get widely scattered by the wind. It is also distinguished cytologically, silver birch being diploid (with two sets of chromosomes), whereas downy birch is tetraploid (four sets of chromosomes). Some of the popular common names of the plants are Silver Birch, European white birch, Common Birch, Warty Birch, European White Birch, East Asian white birch, bed wen, birk tree, lady birch, lady of the woods and weeping birch. 'Youngii' has dense, twiggy, weeping growth with no central leader and requires being grafted onto a standard stem of normal silver birch. The European White Birch is one of the most susceptible birches to the bronze birch borer, which infects and kills trees. Deciduous. It has been introduced to North America and planted as an ornamental, it is considered invasive in some areas of the U.S and Canada. Browse the curated collection and add your voice! European white birch was once used extensively in landscapes, but its high susceptibility to the bronze birch borer has limited its use in more recent years.  The synonym Betula oycowiensis (as B. oycoviensis) was previously listed on the Red List as vulnerable, though it is now considered a synonym of B. pendula subsp.  Birch dieback disease can affect planted trees, while naturally regenerated trees seem less susceptible. European White Birch is a mid-sized shade tree native to Eurasia. FOOTAGE. The tree can also be found in more temperate regions of Australia. , The leaves have short, slender stalks and are 3 to 7 cm (1.2 to 2.8 in) long, triangular with broad, untoothed, wedge-shaped bases, slender pointed tips, and coarsely double-toothed, serrated margins. Native Area: Europe, Asia Stop by, email, or call. This page was last edited on 25 November 2020, at 17:09. The leaves can be brewed as tea, infused in oil, and utilized in extract making. The European birch is susceptible to a few diseases: canker disease, dieback and Marssonina leaf spot. Growing European White Birch Trees. Use up and down arrow keys to explore within a submenu. It needs plenty of light and does best on dry, acid soils and is found on heathland, mountainsides, and clinging to crags. Summary Foliage: Small glossy-green saw-toothed leaves, yellow fall colour Bark: White, non-peeling bark that turns black with age Height: 40 to 50 feet Spread: 10 to 30 feet Avoid pruning in spring as birches are bleeders and will lose large quantities of sap. The predominant miner on white birch in recent years has been Messa nana. A wonderful landscape tree with flaky white bark and terrific fall color. Our trees. Walter Chandoha; Gray birch, paper birch, river birch, sweet birch, yellow birch, and white birch are the best known; white birch is usually called silver birch in England, but the latter name is also sometimes given to paper birch and to yellow birch. , Silver birch can easily be confused with the similar downy birch (Betula pubescens). , The silver birch is Finland's national tree. The graceful, arching, open-branched pyramidal form when young matures to a stately oval to rounded form in time. The White Birch of Europe has been introduced into southern Canada and northern parts of the U.S. Betula pendula is a deciduous Tree growing to 20 m (65ft) by 10 m (32ft) at a fast rate. Betula pendula, commonly called silver birch or European white birch, is a graceful medium-sized tree with slender pendulous branches and attractive bark. The dead twigs are also useful as kindling for outdoor fires. The small, 1- to 2-mm winged seeds ripen in late summer on pendulous, cylindrical catkins 2 to 4 cm (0.8 to 1.6 in) long and 7 mm (0.3 in) broad. , The outer part of the bark contains up to 20% betulin. The… Read More Paper birch has a leaf shaped like the point on a spear, with a more rounded base. Also known as Weeping birch or European white birch, the sliver birch was once used extensively in landscapes, but its high susceptibility to the bronze birch borer has limited its use in more recent years. Light Needs. In midsummer, the female catkins mature and the male catkins expand and release pollen, and wind pollination takes place. , Silver birch wood is pale in colour with no distinct heartwood and is used in making furniture, plywood, veneers, parquet blocks, skis, and kitchen utensils, and in turnery. New users enjoy 60% OFF. Water Needs. , The branches of the silver birch often have tangled masses of twigs known as witch's brooms growing among them, caused by the fungus Taphrina betulina. This species has white bark that peels slightly. The silver birch typically reaches 15 to 25 m (49 to 82 ft) tall (exceptionally up to 31 m (102 ft)), with a slender trunk usually under 40 cm (16 in) diameter. It has been introduced into North America, where it is known as the European white birch, and is considered invasivein some states in the …  In the southern parts of its range, it is mainly found in mountainous regions.  Some shoots are long and bear the male catkins at the tip, while others are short and bear female catkins. Get expert help from The Morton Arboretum Plant Clinic. European white birch was once used extensively in landscapes, but its high susceptibility to the bronze birch borer has limited its use in more recent years. Affordable and search from millions of royalty free images, photos and vectors. The birch is a soft-wooded tree native to northerly climates. Building the urban forest for 2050. Many North American texts treat the two species as conspecific (and cause confusion by combining the downy birch's alternative vernacular name 'white birch', with the scientific name B. pendula of the other species), but they are regarded as distinct species throughout Europe.
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