Study the bark to identify the red maple tree. Because of its fast growth rate, however, mature trees can achieve diameters in excess of 3 feet and heights in excess of 100 feet. The twigs should be smooth, slender and slightly glossy, starting out green in spring but turning reddish in autumn. Trees of North Carolina A Free, On-Line Plant Identification tool Featuring native and naturalized trees of North Carolina. Both species can be found growing in pure stands, with each other, or with a wide variety of other hardwood species including American beech, American basswood, yellow birch, black cherry, northern red oak, yellow poplar and black walnut. Secondly, red maple begins growth in the spring before sugar and black maples, resulting in a shorter collecting season. Sugar sand or niter is the salt that precipitates during the evaporation process. Distinguishing between them may be more of an academic exercise than one useful in sugar bush management because (1) they are essentially identical in quality as sugar trees, and (2) they often hybridize producing trees with a range of characteristics, making it difficult to clearly distinguish between them. Reds Maple leaves are simpleSimple Leaf: A leaf with a single undivided blade, as opposed to a compound leaf, which is one that is divided to the midrib, with distinct, expanded portions called leaflets., meaning … The fruits, which ripen in May or June, are winged pairs of seeds that are ½ to 1 inch long and red or greenish, turning tan at maturity. The \"Embers\" and \"Flame\" varieties have especially vibrant fall colors in both leaves and fruit. Second, like red maple, it begins growth in the spring, earlier than sugar and black maple, resulting in a shorter collecting season. If the tree is mature and the bark is still smooth, the tree may be a hornbeam, ivy-leafed, Manchurian, Amur or mountain maple. A fourth maple species, silver maple (Acer saccharinum), is sometimes tapped, particularly in roadside operations, and is often confused with red maple. Acer rubrum, commonly called red maple, is a medium-sized, deciduous tree that is native to Eastern North America from Quebec to Minnesota south to Florida and eastern Texas.It typically grows 40-60’ tall with a rounded to oval crown. These four species share several characteristics in common. The red maple ranges from southeastern Manitoba around the Lake of the Woods on the border with Ontario and Minnesota, east to Newfoundland, south to Florida, and southwest to eastern Texas. If the foliage on the tree is needles or scales then you are probably looking at a conifer. Identify the red maple tree by its habitat. For example, the autumn blaze maple tree is a hybrid of a red maple and a silver maple, and will have characteristics of each parent. Sarah Terry brings over 10 years of experience writing novels, business-to-business newsletters and a plethora of how-to articles. They have broader leaves than that of a red maple tree stretching to about 4-7 inches and have a total of five lobes. Sugar sand can cause several problems during the production process. The Red Maple generally reaches heights of nearly 100-120 ft., while its signature leaves range from 3 to 5-lobed, with each of the lobes separated by distinct V-shaped angles. From the perspective of producing maple syrup, red maple's most attractive characteristic is its ability to thrive on a wide variety of site conditions. Its use as an ornamental and street tree, at least in urban areas, has been discontinued in recent years because the wood of silver maple is very brittle and often breaks in severe wind, snow or ice storms. Leaf colors ranges from light green to almost white in color. With all of the variations, it’s hard to pinpoint a few obvious features that make a tree a maple. In the fall, they’re easily recognizable by their bright red leaves. One of the few exceptions is European larch which loses its needles in winter. The red flowers grow in dense clusters beginning in March or April, before the leaves emerge. Fall color(s): Golden yellow and red. First, its sugar content is usually lower than red maple's, perhaps as much as 1/2 percent or more, which means even higher production costs and lower profits. Table 3-2 contains a descriptive comparison and Figures 3.2 through 3.5 illustrate characteristic leaves, bark, twigs, and fruits of sugar, black, red and silver maple. It changes its usual color to bright orange or red come autumn. Click on “identify” and then select the image that looks most like the plant you are trying to identify. Red maple tree (Acer rubrum) varieties have distinctive palmate-shaped, green foliage that turns brilliant shades of red in fall. Includes images of bark, twigs, leaves, reproductive organs as well as distribution maps. The red maple occupies one of the largest eastern north-south ranges in North America—from Canada to the tip of Florida. The black maple is a large, deciduous tree 60 to 80 ft in height with a dense, rounded crown and a straight trunk up to 4 ft in diameter. It is important to emphasize that good, high-quality maple syrup can be made from red maple sap. Look at the twigs to spot red maple trees. Because of the wide variety of sites on which red maple will grow, it is found growing naturally in pure stands and with an enormous variety of other tree species ranging from gray birch and paper birch, to yellow poplar and black cherry, and including sugar and black maple. Spot the red maple tree by studying its size. There are thirteen native maple species in North America (Table 3-1). Growing at a moderate rate, these varieties of maple trees are a sturdy and reliable shade tree. In winter, buds are easily distinguished. This lower sap sugar content translates to higher costs of production and lower profits. One of the most common hardwood tree species in North America, the red maple (Acer rubrum) is a favorite landscape tree due to its brilliant reddish-orange foliage in autumn. Crushed twigs do not emit a rank odor as does the silver maple. Maples are deciduous trees characterized by opposite leaf arrangement and spectacular fall color. margin. Maple sugar, red maple have typically 5 lobes and Japanese maple between 5 to 7 lobes. Older trees developing furrows and ultimately long, irregular, thick vertical plates that appear to peal from the trunk in a vertical direction. Acer rubrum, the red maple, also known as swamp, water or soft maple, is one of the most common and widespread deciduous trees of eastern and central North America. Mature leaves have a whitish appearingunderside. Plantations of sugar maple have also been established with the intent of developing efficient, productive sugar bushes. One exotic maple, Norway maple (Acer platanoides), is commonly planted as an ornamental and street tree and will attain tapable size. It normally grows to a mature height of about 50 feet. Red Maple Tree Identification. The commercial production of maple products in North America occurs primarily in the northeastern United States and southeastern Canada (Figure 3.1). The Amur maple is one of the smaller trees in the Acer genus. Distinguishing between sugar and black maple is best done by comparing the leaf structure (particularly the number of lobes, droopiness and presence or absence of stipules along base of petiole) and by the degree of bumpiness of the twigs. In some areas of the commercial maple range, red maple is the only maple present on many sites. Red maple leaves grow to be two to six inches wide, with three lobes. This is the geographic area of greatest abundance of sugar maple (Acer saccharum) and black maple (Acer nigrum), the two most preferred and most commonly tapped maple species. One either taps red maple or they don't sugar. Similar to sugar maple but usually darker and more deeply grooved or furrowed. The plant flowers in mid-spring. Both species are also found in stands composed of trees that are essentially all the same age (size). Red Maple Tree Varieties. Young trees up to 4-8 inches with smooth gray bark. The term "buddy sap" is often applied to late season sap which produces syrup with a very disagreeable flavor and odor. The bark on young red maples is smooth and light gray, while older red maples have darker, rougher bark that peels off in scaly plates or flakes. The cankers of this fungus will look like small shallow depressions on the bark with warts in the center of ea… Like other maples, the branches of Red Maples are opposite, meaning that the branches are directly across, or opposite, each from other. Like sugar and black maple, red maple is shade tolerant and is found in both even-aged and uneven-aged forests. One of the most common hardwood tree species in North America, the red maple (Acer rubrum) is a favorite landscape tree due to its brilliant reddish-orange foliage in autumn. Similar to sugar maple but twig surface with small warty growths (lenticels, which are not raised much above the bark surface in sugar maple) and often more hairy buds. Healthy sugar and black maple trees growing in overstocked uneven-aged or even-aged stands can be expected to achieve tapable size in 40 to 60 years, depending on overall site quality. In scientific classification of Red Maple Tree, Family is … One of the most common hardwood tree species in North America, the red maple (Acer rubrum) is a favorite landscape tree due to its brilliant reddish-orange foliage in autumn. Caused By: Fungi that tends to hide in leaf debris.Specific species include Rhytisma acerinum, R. americanum, and R. Like all maples, the leaves, buds and twigs of all four are attached in pairs opposite each other along the branches. Red Maple trees have an erect, single trunk. Red maple or Acer rubrum. Maple trees have pointed lobes, whereas white oak tree leaves have a rounded lobe shape. Though other maple tree leaves show similar colors during the growing season, the red maple leaf can be further identified by its smaller size compared with the leaves from other maple trees. The glossy green leaves persist on the tree turning orange-red to brilliant red in the fall. Learn which plants thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our new interactive map! — Beta Version, getting better every day. Nectria cinnabarina canker This maple tree disease can be identified by its pink and black cankers on the bark and typically affects parts of the trunk that were weak or dead. Name: Acer rubrum. It gives you the idea of how the plant looks, where the seed pod will be, what the seed will be like, etc. For this reason, it has been widely planted as an ornamental and street tree. They can grow as high as 50 feet. Study the flowers and fruits to identify the female red maple tree. The red maple grows 50 to 90 feet tall and 25 to 45 feet wide. Identify the red maple tree by its leaves, which are 2 to 6 inches wide with three to five shallow lobes. They should not be confused with the desirable maple species when performing management practices such as thinning or release cuts. Probably no other species of forest tree, certainly no hardwood, can thrive on a wider variety of soil types and sites. Maple Tree Tar Spot. Norway Maple This type of maple tree originally breeds from Europe. The red maple tree has a slightly pyramidal shape and ascending branches when it’s young but develops a more rounded canopy as it matures. 1. It can also grow in rocky landscapes. Silvery gray on young trees breaking into long thin scaly plates that give the trunks of older trees a very shaggy appearance. Growing Conditions: Full Sun, Partial Shade. Description. Terry has written articles and publications for a wide range of markets and subject matters, including Medicine & Health, Eli Financial, Dartnell Publications and Eli Journals. In some areas it can be invasive, so check first with your local extension office before planting. The red maple is usually a medium-sized tree with a moderate growth rate. Toothed leaves. Black maple, on the other hand, occupies a much smaller natural range (Figure 3.7). All Rights Reserved. The most abundant tree species in North America, and a habitat generalist, native to a wide range across the eastern part of the continent. The leaf edges have many sharp “teeth.”. Slender, shiny, usually reddish in color; terminal buds. These include trees in the pine, fir, cypress, larch and spruce families. Horseshoe-shaped double-winged fruit with parallel or slightly divergent wings. Also, the silver maple's twigs have a foul odor when crushed. Sugar and black maples are found on a variety of soils and site conditions, but neither tolerates excessively wet or dry sites, and both grow best on moist, deep, well-drained soils. Red maple has a highly variable leaf shape, and some can look similar to sugar maple, but they are easily distinguished by serrations and the color of the leaf underside. An American native, red maple forms a handsome oval crown of bright green leaves that turn fiery red in autumn. In other areas, red maple may be tapped along with sugar and black maples. 2-6 inches wide; 3lobed (occasionally weakly 5-lobed); sharply V-shaped sinuses; small sharp teeth along. Winter buds, clusters of small winter spring flowers, leaf stems, twigs, and winged summer fruits are all reddish colored. Looking at the leaf and bark will usually give you a good indication of at least part of the parent stock, from which you can consult other resources for more precise plant identification . Red Sunset is a red maple cultivar with superior fall color and good branch structure. Compared to sugar and black maple, red maple is a relatively short-lived tree, rarely living longer than 150 years. Identifying a tree as a sugar or black maple (Table 3.2, Figure 3.2 & 3.3) is easily done from the leaves by observing 5-lobed leaves, the paired opposite attachment of the leaves along the stem and the lack of teeth along the leaf margin; from the bark of older trees by observing the long plates that remain attached on one side; from the twigs by observing the opposite arrangement of buds and the relatively long, pointed, brownish terminal bud; and from the seed by observing its horseshoe shape and size. Crimson King is a cultivar of the Norway Maple, Acer platanoides ‘Crimson King’. 5-7 inches wide; deeply clefted; 5-lobed with the sides of the terminal lobe diverging toward the tip; light green upper surface and a silvery white underside; leaf margin with fine teeth (but not the inner edges of the sinuses). Like the red maple, silver maple is a relatively short-lived tree when compared to the sugar or black maple, living perhaps. The flowers are upright and green, yellow, or red in color depending on species, and the fruit appears in winged clusters which hold the seeds of this self-pollinating tree. Genetic research on sugar maple suggests that the sap sugar content of planted seedlings can be increased by controlled breeding. Nevertheless, large silver maple street trees are numerous in many areas and these are sometimes tapped as part of a sugaring operation. Identify the red maple tree by its leaves, which are 2 to 6 inches wide with three to five shallow lobes. Third, like red maple, the evaporation of sap from some silver maples produces an excessive amount of sugar sand. Many different maple tree species exist in addition to the red maple, including the Norway maple, silver maple, sugar maple and black maple. Striped maple (Acer pensylvanicum) and mountain maple (Acer spicatum) are two other native maples that are found growing within the commercial maple range (Figures 3.10 and 3.11). Red Maple Tree family is the family in which it has some properties in common with other plants in that family. Norway maple and red maple are easy to distinguish at any time of year. If it is smooth to the touch, gray or gray-brown in color and the tree is relatively young, it might be any one of a number of common maples, including red, Norway, sugar or silver maple. Although it develops best on moderately well-drained to well-drained, moist soils, it commonly grows in conditions ranging from dry ridges to swamps. Black maple is more likely to be found along moist river bottoms. It is not unusual to find many trees in a sugar bush well in excess of 3 percent, and occasionally higher. Noteworthy Characteristics. Also, the silver maple’s twigs have a foul odor when crushed. Other things being equal, higher sap sugar content translates to lower costs of production and greater profits. Sugar and black maple are particularly attractive as sugar trees because of their high sap sugar content and the late date at which they begin growth in the spring. Red maple transplants easily at any age, has an oval shape and is a fast grower with strong wood and grows into a medium-large tree of about 40' to 70'. The leaves are pale green and whitish on the undersides, turning bright red or orange in autumn. Thinning or release cutting will substantially shorten the age-to-tapable-size. Sugar and black maple both grow in the shade of other trees (they are shade tolerant), and trees of many different ages (sizes) are often found in a forest. You’ll find red maple trees growing mainly in eastern North America, in a wide range of soil types but thriving in acidic soils. The most widespread maple in eastern North America and ubiquitous in both the urban and forest landscape. Twigs are reddish and have rounded, oblong, vegetative buds. Identifying a silver maple (Table 3.2, Figure 3.5) is done from the leaves by observing the 5 lobes with the sides of the terminal lobe diverging toward the tip, the paired opposite arrangement of the leaves, the presence of fine teeth along the margin but not on the inner sides of the sinuses and the silvery white underside; from the bark of older trees by the trunk's shaggy appearance; from the twigs by observing the paired opposite arrangement of the buds, the relatively short blunt, rounded, red terminal bud and the presence of a fetid or foul odor when the twig is bruised or scraped; and from the fruit by observing its V-shape and size. Fruits mature in fall. Like sugar and black maple, red maple is shade tolerant and is found in both even-aged and uneven-aged forests. Most conifer trees have needles or scales present all year that can be used for identification. The red maple tree has a slightly pyramidal shape and ascending branches when it’s young but develops a more rounded canopy as it matures. The U.S. Forest service recognizes it as the most abundant native tree in eastern North America. These cankers can become slimy after rain or dew. As maples begin their growth, chemical changes occur in the sap which make it unsuitable for syrup production. The silver maple’s leaves don’t turn a bright red or orange in fall–they turn a yellowish-brown. Maple Tree Types. The 3 most popular type of maple trees are Maple Sugar, Red maple and Japanese Maple. Don’t confuse the red maple with the silver maple tree, both of which have similar leaves with whitish undersides. It is most easily identified by the opposite paired arrangement of its leaves and branches and its 3lobed leaf with coarse teeth. On good sites with little competition from other trees, silver maple diameter growth may approach 1/2 inch per year (rates as high as 1 inch per year have been recorded). Striped maple is a small slender tree which rarely attains tapable size. Plant red maple in full sun or partial shade. It is recognized by the opposite paired arrangements of its leaves and branches, its 7lobed leaf without marginal teeth, and its 11/2 to 2 inch long samara with divergent wings (Figure 3.12). Hard maples grow very slowly and live a long time. The sugar maple tree (Acer saccharum) grows abundantly in the northeastern part of North America: the northeastern United States (including as far south as Tennessee) and the southeastern portion of Canada.Sugar maples produce strong timber and yield maple syrup, and both commodities contribute considerably to the economy of the region. The silver maple's leaves don't turn a bright red or orange in fall--they turn a yellowish-brown. Stem Another excellent method of identification is to examine the stem of the red maple … Mature trees commonly average between 20 and 30 inches in diameter and 60 and 90 feet tall. It is a very popular landscape tree but is considered invasive … 130-150 years. Identification: Black spots that range in size from a pin-prick to size of a half dollar (4 cm).Some reports say that the spots can get as big as two inches. None of the other maple species can match the red maple’s breathtaking fall foliage, however. Sugar maple occurs naturally throughout most of the northeastern United States and southeastern Canada (Figure 3.6). While most of these species are probably tapped to some extent, at least by hobbyists, sugar and black maple, along with red maple (Acer rubrum), provide most of the commercial sap. Considerable red is seen in bark pattern as scales develop. Many of its features, especially its leaves, are quite va… The sap of Norway maple is not commonly used to produce maple syrup. Red maple wood is soft and often deformed, which means that only the best specimens can be used for making sturdy products like furniture and flooring. In addition, when the sap of some red maples is processed, an excessive amount of sugar sand is produced. punctatum. 3-5 inches wide; 5lobed (rarely 3-lobed); bright green upper surface and a paler green lower surface; leaf margin without fine teeth (compare with red and silver maple). Black and sugar maples begin growth later in the spring than red or silver maple. It is also known as Scarlet Maple, Swamp Maple, Soft Maple, Carolina Red Maple, and Water Maple. If these species occur in a sugarbush it is important to be able to identify them. The tree ranges in its stemming quality – it could be shrubby, multi-stemmed tree or a single-stemmed tree. Red maple is commonly tapped in certain geographic areas, particularly in the southern and western portions of the commercial maple range. Red maple trees can grow to be 90 feet tall. It is most easily identified by the opposite paired arrangement of its leaves and branches, its 3-lobed leaf with fine teeth on the margin, and striping on the branches and young trunks. Smaller in height and width, Crimson King grows to about 10 metres and is a narrower and more upright in shape, (hence its name) making it a good choice for a smaller garden. It grows faster than Norway and sugar maples, but slower than silver maple. The bark on young red maples is smooth and light gray, while older red maples have darker, rougher bark that peels off in scaly plates or flakes. Compared to sugar and black maple, red maple is a relatively short-lived tree, rarely living longer than 150 years. Under natural conditions, silver maple is primarily a bottomland and floodplain species, where it may occur in pure stands but is more commonly found associated with other bottom species such as American elm, sweetgum, pin oak, swamp white oak, eastern cottonwood, sycamore, and/or green ash. They are mainly confused due to being common and often occurring in the same habibat, especially around humans. Don't confuse the red maple with the silver maple tree, both of which have similar leaves with whitish undersides. Similar to red maple but bruised or scraped bark has a very fetid or foul odor. Depending on the species of tree, the toothed edges can be so fine that you have to look close to notice them. In the summer, they’ll be light green with a whitish underside. This species grows 30 to 90 feet tall and up to 4 feet in diameter. Many homeowners choose to plant a red maple as an ornamental tree because it’s easy to grow. Silver maple is a rapidly growing maple found throughout much of the eastern United States and extreme southeastern Canada, where it is often tapped (sometimes heavily) in a particular location (Figure 3.9). The twigs and buds of Red Maple trees are reddish. The Red Maple (Acer rubrum) is a medium to large deciduous tree that flourishes in a variety of habitats in the Adirondack Mountains.Its common name reflects the fact that its flowers, fruits, leaf stalks, and autumn colors are red or reddish. Copyright Leaf Group Ltd. // Leaf Group Lifestyle. Silver maple's growth rate often responds dramatically to thinning or release cutting. Silver maple is among the fastest growing hardwood species commonly planted in eastern North America, certainly the fastest growing maple. Thinning or release cutting dramatically reduces this age-to-tapable-size. Maple Tree Leaf Identification. Its rapid growth and ability to thrive on a wide variety of sites have resulted in its widespread planting as ornamental and street trees which are often tapped as part of a sugaring operation. When compared to sugar, black and red maple, silver maple is a distinctly fourth choice for sugaring for several reasons. Because sugar and black maple resume growth later than red or silver maple, sap may be collected later in the spring. The two most common maples are the sugar maple (Acer saccharum) and the red maple (Acer rubrum).Other popular varieties of maple trees for gardens are the Amur Maple (Acer ginnala), Big Leaf Maple (Acer macrophyllum), and the Hedge Maple tree (Acer campestre).The most famous product from maple trees is the sweet maple … To make maple tree identification a little easier, let’s begin by dividing them into two main groups: hard and soft maples. There are about 128 species of maple trees in the Acer plant genus. The leaf edges have small, sharp teeth. Both species have been planted extensively as roadside trees which are often tapped as part of a sugaring operation. Occasionally, this fungus will also appear as red balls on the bark of the maple tree. Mature trees commonly average between 20 and 30 inches in diameter and 60 and 90 feet tall. Neither of these species is commonly tapped. Similar to sugar maple with, perhaps, a slightly larger seed. Sugar and black maple have the highest sap sugar content of any of the native maples. Young trees up to 4-8 inches with a smooth light gray bark, developing into gray or black ridges and ultimately narrow scaly plates. While the exact sap sugar content of a tree will vary depending on many factors including genetics, site and weather, sugar and black maples generally average between 2.0 and 2.5 percent sap sugar content. However, for sugaring, red maple does have three important weaknesses. Leaves with a serrated edge or with tooth-like shapes around the margins are called toothed leaves. A somewhat shiny, brownish, slender, relatively smooth twig with. None of the other maple species can match the red maple’s breathtaking fall foliage, however. Valsa canker This disease of maple trunks will normally affect only young trees or small branches. Identifying a tree as a red maple (Table 3.2, Figure 3.4) is done from the leaves by observing the 3 lobes (occasionally 5), the paired opposite arrangement of the leaves and the small teeth along the margin; from the bark of older trees by the presence of the scaly plates; from the twig by observing the paired opposite arrangement of the buds, the relatively short, blunt, rounded, red terminal bud and the lack of an offensive odor when the bark of the twig is bruised or scraped; and from the fruit by observing its severe V-shape and size.