Throughout their range, many human activities threaten dugongs due to the nature of the dugong’s life cycle and its reliance on seagrass habitats. Dugongs swim slowly and are therefore easy to spot in the water, so hunting is one of the top reasons why they are endangered even though they are protected in a number of countries. Australia is the only developed country that allows legalized hunting of this endangered species.Click here for a full map of dugong hunting sites worldwide. More dugongs have died this year than in all of 2010 because of Queensland's summer of disasters. Dugongs are large grey mammals which spend their entire lives in the sea. 3. Dugongs graze mostly on sea grasses and find their food using the sensitive bristles that cover their upper lip. This is why the UAE’s efforts to protect the dugong not just in local waters but also in communities across the globe deserves to be applauded. Although commercial hunting of Dugongs has been banned, Dugongs are still listed as vulnerable on the IUCN Red List due to habitat loss through coastal development as well as water pollution caused by industrial activities. If you see a dugong reduce your speed. Why Thailand's critically endangered dugongs are dying | Video By Jack Board 03 Nov 2019 06:00AM (Updated: 04 Nov 2019 05:35PM ) 2019 has been the deadliest ever for Thailand’s endangered dugongs. Why dugongs are endangered One of the many reasons the dugong is endangered is that fishing nets will catch them on accident and mortally wound the poor animal. Dugongs help fight climate change by protecting seagrass meadows. Listing of endangered species is provided for by Part 2 of the Act. Dugong (Dugong dugon) - endangered species listing The Scientific Committee, established by the Threatened Species Conservation Act, has made a Final Determination to list the Dugong, Dugong dugon (Müller 1776), as an ENDANGERED SPECIES on Part 1 of Schedule 1 of the Act. Dugongs are classified as ‘Vulnerable’. Dugongs are threatened by sea grass habitat loss or degradation because of coastal development or industrial activities that cause water pollution. Nairobi, 27 December 2016: Popularly known as “sea cows”, dugongs are an endangered species. Today, all four living species are listed as endangered by the IUCN . Dugongs grow to a maximum length of 13 feet (4 m) long and weight of 595 pounds (270 kg). How endangered are Dugongs. Dugongs, one of four species of sea cow, live near to coasts in the tropical Indo-Pacific ocean around India, East Africa, Malaysia and western Australia. Female dugongs have one calf after a yearlong pregnancy, and the mother helps her young reach the surface and take its first breath. Humans destroy precious habitat--the natural environment of a living thing--when they fill swamps and marshes, dam rivers and cut down trees to build homes, roads and other developments. HUNTING Australian law still allows the hunting of endangered dugongs and other endangered species that live only in this country. They are affected by fishing activities, coastal pollution, killed for their meat, or injured by boats. Moreover, the trade of the derived products from dugongs is banned by the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species. The environment necessary for dugongs is a rich ecosystem which also attracts green turtles (Chelonia mydas) classified as “endangered” by the IUCN, hawksbill turtle young (Eretmochelys Imbricata) and a large variety of small invertebrates and fish species, as well as the young of shrimp and pelagic fish, elasmobranches such as guitar-rays, rays and sharks. Another thing that hurts these animals are boat propellors and hulls that bump into the dugong and cut its skin. Make a symbolic dugong adoption to help save some of the world's most endangered animals from extinction and support WWF's conservation efforts. Dugongs have become an important tourist attraction. They can consume up to 40 kilograms of seagrass in a day. The greatest threat today, however, is no longer from hunting, but, especially for the Caribbean manatee, from pleasure craft that can inflict serious injuries on the … Calls for a crackdown on illegal dugong killing in far north Queensland have been growing since the bodies of three of the endangered creatures were discovered near Cairns in April. Reporting: Immediately report any injured or dead dugongs, turtles or dolphins by … Despite being a sea mammal, they are genetically more similar to elephants than they are to dolphins or whales. Humans are largely responsible when animals become extinct, endangered or threatened. All four living species are vulnerable to extinction from habitat loss and other negative impacts related to human population growth and coastal development. Dugongs are hunting in many ways and sometimes I ask myself why, why do people hunt them I mean what did they ever do to us so if you do hunt them then styop it. Conservation of the iconic “sea cow” and its seagrass habitat requires education and incentives. Dugongs are known to migrate and disperse over vast distances; as such, their survival is dependent on their conservation and management over a wide area and in a wide range of marine and coastal habitats. Today, the Aborigines use more humane methods of capturing these mammals and are only allowed to hunt them in areas where the government has concluded that the population is in no danger of becoming endangered or extinct. Dugongs are most commonly found in shallow coastal waters of the Indian and western Pacific Oceans (protected from large waves and storms) however they may also swim in deeper water, further offshore, as these areas are where the continental shelf is wide, shallow and protected. The dugong (/ ˈ dj uː ɡ ɒ ŋ /; Dugong dugon) is a medium-sized marine mammal.It is one of four living species of the order Sirenia, which also includes three species of manatees.It is the only living representative of the once-diverse family Dugongidae; its closest modern relative, Steller's sea cow (Hydrodamalis gigas), was hunted to extinction in the 18th century. The population of dugong is declined for various reasons such as hunting, damaged habitat, and fishing related activities. Dugongs are hard to see when they come to the surface to breath. That is why some countries protect the animals. Female dugongs give birth underwater to a single calf at three to seven-year intervals. Facts about Dugongs 8: the declined population. Fun Facts About Dugongs. Dugongs are covered under three international conservation conventions: The Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), the Convention on the International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES), and the Convention on Migratory Species of Wild Animals (CMS or the Bonn Convention). "Dugongs are protected by the Endangered Species Act (ESA) and are considered vulnerable by the International Union for Conservation of Nature's (IUCN)'s Red List," Spolarich says. [toc] Dugongs occur in tropical and subtropical waters around the world. Despite this, Dugongs have good memories and are able to remember specific … But some populations could be in a critical condition. All you often see is a small part of the head, back or tail breaking the water's surface. ... At WWF, we work in Australia and in our Asia-Pacific backyard to protect endangered species and habitats, meet the challenge of climate change, and build a … Dugong Threats – Are Dugongs Endangered? They are endangered because tiger sharks, sharks, crocadiles and killer whales. Endangered While staying in shallow water is safer with regard to predation by other sea creatures on young Dugongs, it is a problem when it comes to human activities. Established in 1964, the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species has evolved to become the world’s most comprehensive information source on the global conservation status of animal, fungi and plant species. The dugong is currently listed as vulnerable by the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN), but its conservation status is highly variable throughout its range and the species may, in fact, be endangered or critically endangered in some parts of its range, a study points out. How many: 10 000 (As of 2009) Why: The worst threats to loggerhead turtles are habitat loss, wildlife trade, entanglement in fishing lines, climate change and pollution. Dugongs graze on seagrass, especially young shoots and roots in shallow coastal waters. The participation of the international community is vital when it comes to saving endangered species from extinction and protecting the environment generally. Traditionally, dugongs were harpooned from canoes with a barbed harpoon attached to a rope and the dugong was held by its tail in the water until it drowned. 4. Dugongs that call the Great Barrier Reef home are at risk from being entangled and killed by huge gill nets. They come to the surface to breathe through nostrils The Dugong’s brain only makes up 0.1% of its bodyweight—300 grams of 400kg! "They are still threatened in some places by habitat destruction, collision with boats, and accidental capture in fisheries targeting other species (called bycatch). Endangered Species "Manatees and dugongs, also known as sea cows, are endangered species belonging to the scientific Order Sirenia. Dugongs are threatened by a … Dugongs can live up to 70 years. Dugongs swim by moving their broad whale-like tail in an up and down motion, and by use of their two flippers. 1. Dugongs may have provided fodder for the imagination behind ancient seafaring tales of mermaids and sirens. Fully grown, they may be three metres long and weigh 400 kilograms. Dugongs are referred to as sea cows because they use their strong, cleft upper lips to graze on sea grasses they uproot from the seafloor. Where: The majority of dugongs live in the northern waters of Australia between Shark Bay and Moreton Bay. Why are They Endangered? Manatees and dugongs are the only marine mammal herbivores. Dugongs are an IUCN Endangered marine species like sea turtles, seahorses, sea cucumbers and others. 2. Here are some reasons why animals become endangered: Destruction of Habitat.
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